Effectiveness of a Peer-Led Behavioral Intervention Program on Tobacco Use-Related Knowledge, Attitude, Normative Beliefs, and Intention to Smoke among Adolescents at Iranian Public High Schools.
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|contributor author||Mohammadi M|
|contributor author||Ghaleiha A|
|contributor author||Rahnama R.|
|description abstract||BACKGROUND:Theory-based�tobacco�use prevention programs in�schools�were implemented to evaluate the�effectiveness�of this�peer-ledintervention�on�tobacco�use-related�knowledge,�attitude,�normative�beliefs, and�intention�to�tobacco�use of school children aged 14-17 years old.METHODS:A school-based cluster randomized controlled�intervention�study was conducted among 1st, 2nd, and 3rd�grade�high�school children in Sanandaj City, Iran. 4-h integrated�tobacco�use prevention�program�comprising of four structured modules was developed and delivered to the�intervention�group by trained peer educator. Outcome measures comprised changes in students' smoking-related�knowledge,�attitude,�normative�beliefs, and�intention�to�tobacco�use from baseline to 6-month follow-up through validated anonymous questionnaire.RESULTS:The present study showed an�intervention�effect on�tobacco�use-related�knowledge,�normative�beliefs, and�intention�to�tobaccouse but not�attitude. The results indicated that there was significant decrease in�intention�to�tobacco�use (P�? 0.013) observed after 6-month postintervention. The�intervention�module was also effective in improving smoking�knowledge�(P�? 0.001),�normative�beliefs�with regard to perceived prevalence of cigarette smoking and water-pipe use among adults and�adolescents�(P�? 0.001) in�intervention�group 6-month postintervention.CONCLUSIONS:Participation in the�peer-led�education�program�to�tobacco�use prevention may have improvement in�knowledge,�normativebeliefs, and�intention�to�tobacco�use. An implementation of the�peer-led�behavioral�intervention�components in the school setting may have a beneficial effect on�public�health by decreasing�intention�to�tobacco�use among nonsmoker�adolescents.|
|title||Effectiveness of a Peer-Led Behavioral Intervention Program on Tobacco Use-Related Knowledge, Attitude, Normative Beliefs, and Intention to Smoke among Adolescents at Iranian Public High Schools.|
|journal title||Int J Prev Med|